India has the largest number of medical colleges in the world. The country is known to produce a large number of doctors in the world. India is targeting to induct 14,93,385 doctors by 2024 as per NCBI reports. Also, the pace of medical facilities is growing fast in the country. Healthcare facilities have grown substantially. Being the third-largest producer of medicines in the world and the largest exporter, the country also has a high number of medical tourists from all over the world.
People from all over the world come to India to receive medical treatments because Indian medical expertise is considered affordable and among the best in the world. At present India has 1:1,457 against and aiming towards 1:1,000 as WHO guidelines. So, with such demand for medical professionals, it is a good time to plan for MBBS in India.
Distribution of Medical Colleges
Earlier there were 260 private and 272 government colleges 5 years back as per Hindustan Times reports. The country has 532 medical colleges that offer close to 78,000 MBBS seats. India’s Health Expenditure is 1.28 per cent on the GDP as per the latest reports of Statista. This means India is one of those countries that creates a large number of doctors in the world.
In comparison, the USA is leading with more than 10 Lakh doctors as per Statista Reports. Medical education should be treated as a governmental responsibility. The responsibility to educate well and wisely should be noble and must be treated in an unbiased manner because the life of students and their future patients might depend on them. So, to protect against low standards in healthcare, the criteria have always been strict and more demanding than other streams.
But in India, where the demand for health infrastructure is high, there is a powerful urge to improve the healthcare facilities and the quality of private healthcare. India faces a severe shortage of doctors and primary health providers in both rural and urban areas. People in rural areas are far from satisfying.
Many positions like that of surgeons, physicians, gynaecologists, etc. at the Community And local health centres are still vacant. The fast changes in demography will lead to lifestyle disorders. To manage such disorders in lifestyle requires continuous long term interaction with patients with skilled doctors and not just a primary health worker.
Bachelor of Medicines or Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is the medical course that comprises two professional degrees of medicine and surgery. MBBS is practised to become a doctor in allopathic medicines. The course comprises 9 semesters in which students are trained for both practical and theory papers.
MBBS Course – Features
- Level of Course- Undergraduate degree
- Full form- Bachelor of Medicines or Bachelor of Surgery
- Eligibility- Minimum 50% marks in 10+2 with physics, biology/zoology, chemistry and English as mandatory subjects
- Duration- 5.5 years (4.5 years- Academic degree and 1-year Internship)
- Admission Process- Entrance exam followed by a merit list
- Average course fee- INR 1- 10 Lakhs
- Average Placement- INR 8- 10 Lakhs
MBBS Colleges: Government V/S Private
GOVERNMENT MBBS COLLEGES
- Total number of Colleges- 272
- Total number of seats- approx 41,388
- Average Annual Fee- Up to INR 10,000 to 1 Lakh
PRIVATE MBBS COLLEGES
- Total number of Colleges- 260
- Total number of seats- approx 35,540
- Average Annual Fee- Up to INR 4 to 25 Lakhs
TOP RANKED MEDICAL COLLEGES
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi- Admission is made through NEET Entrance exam
- Armed Forces Medical College, Pune- Admission is made through NEET Entrance exam
- Christian Medical College, Vellore- Admission is made through NEET UG/ PG Entrance exam
- St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore- Admission is made through NEET UG/ PG and St. John’s Entrance exam
- Jawaharlal Institute Of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry- Admission is made through NEET Entrance exam
- The Faculty Of Medical Sciences (King George’s Medical University)- Admission is made through NEET Entrance exam, and Minimum of 50% marks is required in NEET.
- Grant Government Medical College- Admission is made through NEET Entrance exam.
- Seth GS Medical College- Admission is made through NEET Entrance exam.
- Kasturba Medical College, Manipal- Admission is made through NEET Entrance exam.
- Maulana Azad Medical College- Admission is made through NEET Entrance exam.
MBBS Entrance Exams
MBBS Entrance exams are conducted to provide admission to MBBS courses in the top-notch medical institutes of the country. Below are mentioned some of the entrance examinations that one requires to appear for in order to get admission in MBBS:
NEET: NEET is a medical entrance test that is accepted for admission to all government, private medical and dental colleges. With this exam, you can also apply for BDS. For MD and MS, NEET PG should be taken. NEET is the only accepted exam to take admissions in the MBBS colleges in India. Following are the important dates of the exam are given below-
- NEET 2020 Application Submission Date – December 2, 2019, to February 9, 2020
- NEET 2020 Admit card releasing date – 2nd week of July
- NEET 2020 Examination Date – July 26, 2020
- NEET 2020 Result Declaration – August 2020
Note: Admission to MBBS course through AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS in their respective colleges is now scrapped, and now they accept NEET score only.
India is at a low position in the world with reference to the medical status. But, the country is also known as the most favoured destinations for medical tourism. Most people travel from foreign countries for their treatment which needs highly skilled specialists and super-specialists. With changes coming into patent laws, foreign companies are now coming to India for manufacturing clinical drugs. Strong infrastructure with quality physician-scientists will not only promote collaborative research internationally but could also make India a major manufacturer of generic drugs and a site for new drug development. So, plan for MBBS and serve our country!